On Jan. 4, 2018, U.S. Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke announced the National Outer Continental Shelf Oil & Gas Leasing Program (National OCS) for 2019–2024. The new plan proposes to make more than 90 percent of total OCS acreage available for future exploration and targets the largest number of lease sales in US history.
This is in direct contrast to the current plan set forth by President Obama, which puts 94 percent of the OCS off limits. In other words, President Trump has declared the United States coastal waters open for oil and gas drilling unlike ever before.
But as any business owner can tell you, merely flipping a sign from closed to open does not mean a flood of customers is likely to pour in— rather, it typically starts with a drip.
The five-year Draft Proposed Program (DPP) includes 47 potential lease sales—19 off the coast of Alaska, 7 in the Pacific, 12 in the Gulf of Mexico (GoM), and 9 in the Atlantic.
The announcement has been touted as a great step toward solidifying the U.S. as a leader in oil and gas production for years to come. However, it is prudent to note that, given the recent price levels and how prolific, vast and economic onshore shale resources have proven to be, the opportunities to effectively and economically drill offshore will be limited in the near term.
Offshore oil and gas resources require a long lead time to explore and develop. Given that most of these waters previously remained unexplored and many parts have not been developed at all, there will be a long lag time between when leases are awarded and when they lead to production. Offshore projects will take more than two years to develop compared to onshore shale wells which can react much quicker to market conditions and yield first production in as quickly as three months.
Regardless, the leasing program will allow for new exploration and development activity in the OCS and may impact production potential in the longer term. This activity will largely be led by “majors” – the six or seven largest publicly traded oil and gas companies – who have a marked advantage in longer-term projects given the capital requirements. Majors are the leaders in OCS production, and independents remain the leaders in onshore shale (Figure 2).
How successful the exploration process is will determine the real winners. But for now, it’s important to remember that opening our coastal areas for exploration is just that, exploration.
Sarp Ozkan is a Senior Oil and Gas Market Analyst and Manager of Upstream and Crude Market Efforts for Drillinginfo Market Intelligence.